Today in Science History

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  On January 2, 1960 - John Reynolds (UC Berkeley) sets age of universe at 4.6 billion years 
  On Jan 5, 1896 - Wilhelm Roentgen publishes on discovery of X-rays
  On Jan 6, 1884 - Gregor Mendel dies   
  On Jan 8, 1998 - M.R. Picciotto reports the B2 subunit involved in nicotine addition:
           Nature, 392, 273-277, 2998.
  On Jan 11, 1964 - U.S. Surgeon General issues 1st report on dangers of smoking
  On Jan 20, 1998 - James Robl & Steven Stice clone calves that can produce medicinal milk
  On Jan 23, 1911 - Marie Curie's nomination to French Academy of Science voted down
                                                  by all male membership
  On Jan 30, 1899 - Max Theiler born on this day;
                                                 won 2952 Noble prize for physiology of yellow fever   

 
 

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  On February 6, 1971 - Alan B. Shepherd, Jr. takes a few golf swings on the moon 
  On February 8, 1865 - Gregor Mendel presents "Experiments in Plant Hybridization"
 
On February 11, 1994 - Science publishes Chafie et al - Green Fluorescent Protein
                                      Sci: v262:p802-805

  On February 12, 1809 - Charles Darwin born - Darwin Day  
  On February 15, 1903 - Teddy Bear born
                                                1st teddy bear introduced in Brooklyn, NY; named after Teddy Roosevelt,
                                                who spared the life of a bear cub while hunting.
 
On February 15, 2001 - Nature publishes draft of Human Genome Sequence
  On February 17, 1920 - James Chadwick announce discovery of neutron of atom structure
 
On February 18, 1930 - Am. astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
 
On February 19, 1977 - submersible Alvin find extremophiles on Pacific seabed
  On February 20, 1962 - John Glenn orbits Earth - reflies in 1998, 36 years later
  On February 21, 1931 - Alka Seltzer introduced
  On February 21, 1931 - Edwin Land reveals Polaroid Land camera: uses paper containing developer
 
On February 22, 1630 - Am. Indian Quadequina introduces popcorn(?) to Colonists
 
On February 22, 1997 - Ian Wilmut announces birth of Dolly, 1st cloned mammal
 
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  On March 1, 1966 - an unmanned Soviet sapce craft - Venus 3 - lands on Venus 
  On March 11, 1918 - 1st cases of Spanish flu reported at Fort Riley, Kansas,
                           the deadliest epidemic in US and world history

  On March 12, 1966 - Nature publishes "A comprehensive genetic map of the
                           Human genome based on 5,264 microsatellites" 380:152-154. 
 
  On March 17, 1756 - St. Patrick's Day was first celebrated in NYC at the
                           Crown & Thistle Tavern. St. Patrick was the bishop and
                           apostle of Ireland died on this date in 461 A.D.

  On March 25, 1954 - RCA makes 1st color TV set with 12" screen cost = $1,000
  On March 30, 1791 - the French National Academy deemed the length of one meter
                                    to be 1/10,000,000 of the distance between the North Pole
                                    and the equator...   NIST 


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  On April 1, 1929 - YoYo introduced in New York 
  On April 2, 1953 - Watson & Crick's DNA paper published in Nature
           
Nature: vol 171: 737-738 1953     and     Nature: vol 171: 964-967, 1953
  On April 4, 1969 - Denton Cooley implants 1st totally artificial heart  
  On April 6, 1928 - James D. Watson born
  On April 12, 1988 - Oncomouse
          1st patent on a genetically altered animal ($50 a mouse)
  On April 13, 1625 - word "microscope" supposedly coined
  On April 15, 1955 - 1st McDonald's opens in DesPlaines, IL
  On April 23, 1984 - U.S. & France claim discovery of AIDS virus

 

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 On May 8, 1790 - French Assembly votes to reforms weights & measures
            leads to
  metric system
  On May 5, 1881 - Louis Pasteur tests anthrax vaccine on oxen, cows and sheep.
              Vaccine... harmless variant or derivative of pathogen that stimulates host's immune system.
  On May 8, 1980 - WHO (World Health Organization)
             announces eradication of smallpox worldwide 
 On May 10, 1950 - Truman signs Law # 507 creating National Science Foundation
  On May 14, 1714 - Gabriel Daniel Farenheit (born May 24, 1686 in Gdansk, Poland)
          invented the
mercury thermometer, originally called a thermoscope.
           
A German physicist and maker of scientific instruments. He is best known for inventing
               the alcohol thermometer (1709) and mercury thermometer (1714) and for developing
               the Fahrenheit temperature scale.

                     
Fahrenheit, Daniel G. Encyclopędia Britannica - http://search.eb.com/eb/article?eu=34155
  On May 14, 1904 - Einstein publishes E = MC2 in Annalen der Physik
  On May 18, 1994 - FDA
         
approves 1st transgenic food - Flavr Savr tomato (Calgene, Inc.)
  On May 21, 1873 - Levi Strauss gets a patent for blue genes (Levi Strauss, Inc.)
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 On June 5, 1977 - Apple IIe born
               1st personal computer goes on sale with 64Kb memory
 On June 8, 1916 - Francis Crick born
 On June 9, 1989 - George Beadle died;
               he codiscovered that genes act by regulating chemical events
 On June 9, 1902 - Hermann Emil Fischer born -
               Nobel for work on sugar moleucles & pruine synthesis 
 On June 10, 1955 - DuPont registers trademark for Mylar (foil balloons created in 70's)
 On June 12, 1897 - Carl Elsener patents Swiss Army knife
 On June 13, 1825 - Walter Hunt patents the safety pin
                (sells the rights for $400 to pay debts)

 On June 22, 1847 - Donuts invented: probably found in all science labs today.
 On June 26, 2000, scientists announce rough draft of human genome
                 Celera,   DOE,   HUGO,   NHGRI,   NCBI-Human Genome,

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  On July 1, 1934 - 1st whole body X-ray taken
  On July 3, 1886 - Karl Benz drives 1st auto; top speed 10 mph (16km/hr)
  On July 4 - Earth it at its aphelion (farthest point from sun - 94.5 mil miles) 
  On July 5, 1996 - Dolly the cloned sheep is born
  On July 7, 1550 - Europe introduced to first chocolate 
 
On July 14, 1867 - Alfred Nobel demonstrates dynamite
  On July 17, 1902 - Willis Carrier invents air conditioning
 
On July 20, 1969 - Neil Armstrong sets foot on the Moon
                "that's one small step for man, and one giant leap for mankind..."
  On July 30, 1790 - US patent # 1 issued to Sam Hopkins for making potash

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