Mallery's Estimates of Greatest Scientific Advancements of 20th Century
     Technological Achievements     Biological Achievements              all
 1. Electrification  1. DNA (its code & genomics)
 2. Automobile  2. Stem cell culture
 3. Airplane  3. Hybrid crops
 4. Water supply & distribution  4. Antibiotics
 5. Electronics  5. Organ transplants
 6. Radio & Television  6. Transgenic animals/plants
 7. Agricultural Mechanization  7. Plant biotechnology 
 8. Computation  8. Electron microscopy of cells
 9. Telephone  9. Chemiosmosis (cell energy)
 10. Air conditioning & refrigeration  10. ATPase/ATP synthase
 11. Highways  11. Chromosomal theory of inheritance
 12. Spacecraft  12. Cell cycle (cancer)
 13. Internet  13. Cell free fermentation
 14. Imaging  14. Protein/enzyme structure
 15. Household appliances  15. Fluid mosaic membrane
 16. Health technology  16. Reproductive physiology
 17. Petroleum and gas technologies  17. Nerve potentials
 18. Laser & fiber optics  18. Signal hypothesis
 19. Nuclear technologies  19. Evolutionary mechanisms
 20. High performance materials  20. Extremophiles (Astrobiology)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technological Achievements Biological Achievements
 1. Electrification  1. DNA (its code & genomics)
 2. Automobile  2. Stem cell culture
 3. Airplane  3. Hybrid crops
 4. Water supply & distribution  4. Antibiotics
 5. Electronics  5. Organ transplants
 6. Radio & Television  6. Transgenic animals/plants
 7. Agricultural Mechanization  7. Plant biotechnology 
 8. Computation  8. Electron microscopy of cells
 9. Telephone  9. Chemiosmosis (cell energy)
 10. Air conditioning &
        refrigeration
 10. ATPase/ATP synthase
 11. Highways  11. Chromosomal theory of
      inheritance
 12. Spacecraft  12. Cell cycle (cancer)
 13. Internet  13. Cell free fermentation
 14. Imaging  14. Protein/enzyme structure
 15. Household appliances  15. Fluid mosaic membrane
 16. Health technology  16. Reproductive physiology
 17. Petroleum and gas
        technologies
 17. Nerve potentials
 18. Laser & fiber optics  18. Signal hypothesis
 19. Nuclear technologies  19. Evolutionary mechanisms
 20. High performance materials  20. Extremophiles (Astrobiology)