TAKE-HOME EXAM #2                           EXTRA CREDIT


(click on lecture title for notes)

May 19        1. Introduction: Why Study the Oceans? Ch. 1
Overview of the course. Importance of the oceans and marine science.The origin of the earth, the oceans and life. Could there be life elsewhere?

May 20        2. A History of Marine Science     Ch. 2
History of ocean exploration and the beginnings of ocean science. A discussion of a few of the major breakthroughs and discoveries that have expanded our knowledge of the oceans.

May 21        3. Basic Structure of the Earth     Ch. 3, pg 52-58; Ch. 4
Dimensions and make-up; latitude and longitude; geophysical descriptions; geochemical descriptions

May 24        4. Plate Tectonics     Ch. 3, pg 59-84
Features of the sea floor; Plate theory; Sea floor spreading and continental drift; Evidence of these processes.

May 25        5. Consequences of Change     Ch. 5
Geologic time; time scales of change; tectonics, climate, biogeography; Records in stone, mud, ice, sea and air.

May 26        6. Ocean Chemistry     Ch. 6
Elements in seawater; residence times; conservative and nonconservative properties; biogeochemical cycles; tracers of circulation.

May 27        7. Ocean Physics     Ch. 7
The physical structure of the oceans: temperature/salinity/density...Light and sound in the ocean

May 28        8. Climate System     Ch. 8
Climate... cost to society, insurance companies, future changes in climate...Weather and the ocean...links to the atmosphere...

June 1          9. Ocean Currents     Ch. 9
Currents: what are they, how do they form, and what is their role in the global scheme of things?

June 2         10. The Wind and The Waves    Ch. 10

June 3         11. Tides     Ch. 11

June 4         12. Coastal Environments     Ch. 12
The physical environment of the SE United States coastline...coasts, estuaries, beaches, waves, tides... trends in population development along the Florida coast...Resources of the nearshore environment: why are estuaries so important?...South Florida, the links between the land and the sea

June 7         13. A View of Life in the Oceans     Ch.  13
Definition of life and its role in nature. Distribution of light and nutrients. Biogeochemical cycles. Adaptations for living in the marine enviroment. Zonation of life in the ocean.

June 8         14. Marine Ecology     Ch. 14
Primary productivity of the oceans. Different types of primary producers -- bacteria; diatoms, dinoflagellates, coccolithophores and plants; Measuring primary production.

June 9         15. Zooplankton     Ch. 15, pg 362-374
Types of zooplankton; Ways of feeding, vertical migration, bioluminescence, life histories - holoplankton vs meroplankton; lifestages.

June 10        16. Models of Life in the Plankton
Food chains and food webs. Modeling a plankton bloom.

June 11         17. Ecosystems in the Sea     Ch16
Oligotrophic central gyres - the ocean deserts; Nutrient-rich subpolar regions; Upwelling regions; Coastal regions; Estuaries.

June 14         18. Life on the Sea Floor     Ch. 16
The benthos - in /on the sediments; Vents, Reefs and Hard Bottoms

June 15         19. Coral Reefs

June 16         20. Nekton, the free swimmers  Ch. 15 pg 376-395
Fish - variety of forms, some examples: demersal forms (cod), pelagic forms (tuna, swordfish), small pelagics (sardines, anchovies)

June 17         21. Marine Mammals and Cod
Types of marine mammals; migration patterns, tracking endangered species. Understanding behavior.

June 18         22. Oceanic Resources
Marine life, food chains, productivity, reliance on the physical and chemical environment... Fisheries, economic values, trends in fish stocks... the future of fisheries...Aquaculture: how is it done?...what is it worth to society?...Whales and marine mammals: their past and future.

June 21         23. Marine Pollution
Emphasis is on the physical environment, and influence of human population, exploitation.
Red Tides and Harmful Algal Blooms